Enter the terms you wish to search for. Very little scholarly work has discussed either the direct or implicit references to these later plays, and even less literary interpretation essay example addressed their structural relevance to Joyce’s work. More specifically, I propose to explore the ways in which Joyce uses Shakespeare’s romances to articulate the dynamic between mastery over language and mastery over artistic self-expression of the interior.
The rage of Caliban at not seeing his face in a mirror, he said. If Wilde were only alive to see you! I contend that this early reference to Caliban frames Stephen’s struggle for independence as an artist as one also for control over the presentation of his own image through language. Joyce introduces Shakespeare’s monster through the gregarious Mulligan, a man whose flashy linguistic and textual fluency overwhelms Stephen’s more cautious persona. The nineteenth century dislike of Realism is the rage of Caliban seeing his own face in a glass. Most scholars contend that Joyce is engaged primarily with Wilde as a fellow, near contemporary Irish writer.
In this case the question is semi-historical and largely abstract. Romantic art demonstrates the artist’s ability, creating an image too beautiful to be representative of either the subject’s exterior or interior. Caliban is the focal point, rather than Wilde, the concern shifts to the—far more comprehensive—question of Stephen’s desire for mastery of self-expression. Both Stephen and Caliban are highly aware of their relative lack of control over language, and a consequent lack of control over self-presentation.