In 1664, the English conquered the area and renamed it New York. Archaeological excavations indicate that the first humans settled the area as early as 9,000 description of new york city essay ago.
The area was abandoned, however, possibly because the warming climate of the region lead to the local extinction of many larger game species upon which the early inhabitants depended for food. A second wave of inhabitants entered the region approximately 3,000 years ago and left behind more advanced hunting implements such as bows and arrows. The remains of approximately 8,000 such early encampments have been found throughout the city. The region has probably remained continually inhabited from that time. This extended the productive life of planted fields. New Jersey, harvested clams year-round. The fort was designed mainly to protect the company’s trading operations further upriver from attack by other European powers.
Manhattan and supply the company operations with food. European born in the future New York City. European-made metal tools for beaver pelts. By using such tools, the natives greatly increased the rate of production of wampum, debasing its value for trade.
Lenape men abandoned hunting and fishing for food in favor of beaver trapping. Lenape largely dependent on the Dutch. As a result, the native population declined drastically throughout the 17th century through a combination of disease, starvation, and outward migration. Dutch culture, the directors of New Netherland were largely unconcerned with the ethnic and racial balance of the community.
Africans, some of them as slaves. Holland sent additional forces to the aid of Kieft, which took part in the overwhelming defeat of the Native Americans, leading to a peace treaty on August 29, 1645, to end the war. Hudson River, all of which are confluent at the southern tip, from which all later development spread. September 8, 1664, and the soldiers of the garrison marched to the East River for the trip home to the Netherlands. The date of 1664 appeared on New York City’s corporate seal until 1975, when the date was changed to 1625 to reflect the year of Dutch incorporation as a city and to incidentally allow New York to celebrate its 350th anniversary just 11 years after its 300th. The city grew northward, remaining the largest and most important city in the colony of New York. The Indian as an Ecological Factor in the Northeastern Forests.